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After you've been through a traumatic event, you may be tempted to use alcohol or drugs as a way to cope. Some people with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) try to deal with their symptoms this way.
Taking alcohol or drugs to deal with stressful emotions is called self-medication. This may make you feel better for a while, but in the long run it will do more harm than good. Alcohol and drugs can make it harder to enjoy life, and they can keep you from taking care of your responsibilities. Using alcohol can even make your PTSD symptoms worse.
Taking alcohol or drugs may lead to substance abuse. This is when alcohol or drugs cause problems in your life. Substance abuse may hurt your relationships with friends and family members, and it may cause problems at work. It also may lead to serious health problems.
If you use alcohol or drugs, you may become dependent. This means that you can't quit, or you have withdrawal symptoms when you try to quit. Withdrawal may cause you to feel sick or shaky. Also, when you become dependent, you may have to use more alcohol or drugs to get the same effect.
Not everyone with PTSD has a problem with drinking or using drugs, but having PTSD makes it more likely that a problem will develop.footnote 1 You may not know if drinking or drug use is a problem for you. It may happen very slowly so that you don't notice it, or it may be part of another activity and isn't obvious. For example, you may spend Saturdays watching football and drinking with your friends. You may not see that the alcohol is more important to you than the football.
Drinking or using drugs is a problem if it causes your behavior to change or changes how you use alcohol or drugs. Take this test or reply to the statements below to see if you have a problem with drugs or alcohol.
My drinking or drug use has:
Using alcohol or drugs
Your reasons to drink or use drugs and how much you use them can indicate a problem.
At times you may try to convince yourself that you don't have a problem. This may keep you from getting the help you need. You may tell yourself or others things like:
If any of these statements are true, you may be developing or already have a problem with alcohol or drugs.
Admitting you need help is very hard. It may be tough to seek help because you feel shame or guilt, or because you have doubts about whether you can stop. Remember that many people have beaten alcohol or drug problems, and all have started with these feelings and doubts.
If you feel you are drinking or using drugs because of PTSD, be sure to tell the people who are helping you.
For more information, see the topics Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Alcohol Abuse and Dependence.
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CitationsU.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (2011). PTSD and problems with alcohol use. A National Center for PTSD fact sheet. Available online: http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/pages/ptsd-alcohol-use.asp.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerAdam Husney, MD - Family MedicineKathleen Romito, MD - Family MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerJessica Hamblen, PhD, MA, NIMH - Psychology, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Current as ofDecember 7, 2017
Current as of: December 7, 2017
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review: Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & Jessica Hamblen, PhD, MA, NIMH - Psychology, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
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